KTH-SEECS Applied Information Security Lab

National University of Sciences and Technology (NUST)

Secure Physical Access Control using Smart Cards

At present, physical identity verification in our country is based either on manual process or simple RFID cards. The manual procedure of verification increases the probability of threats to the lives of gatekeepers and employees of security agencies. RFID card system is comparatively better but it does not ensure the strong verification of identities as by applying simple attacks, any unauthorized person can enter an organization without any identity verification. Internationally, the trends of physical access control have been changed and now, most of the developed countries are using smart cards or mobile devices as a token for physical identity verification. It automates the access control process and minimizes the risk and threats to the lives of the security personnel. Furthermore, most of the current Physical Access Control (PAC) systems are very expensive and security agencies and government organizations are spending billion of rupees to purchase PAC Systems. We need a secure and reliable solution that can extend current systems by providing smart card based access control (FIPS-201), which will not only overcome the shortcomings of current identity verification processes but will also provide extended security features using standard security practices.